For a while in the 1990s, New York had an underground scene for the homeless—literally underground, in the city’s labyrinthine network of tunnels. Down there, hidden from disapproving looks, they created a micro-society with tacit rules and hierarchies, smoking crack and building makeshift houses. They shared the space with graffiti artists, including Chris Pape, aka Freedom, who used the dark walls of the tunnels as canvas. It was over by 1996.
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