Moving a capital city is an important decision. In 1998, Kazakhstan unveiled its new capital and Almaty lost its status to Astana, located 1300 kilometers up North. As the world’s most recent capital city after Pyinmana (Myanmar), Astana is also the symbol of a new start, a unique initiative in the Post-Soviet region. This colossal project, the challenge to nature that is the construction of a capital city in a hostile climate which requires the laying of speciﬁc foundations, shows the will to break with the past, to implement historic reforms and to encourage an appropriation of identity. Considerable means have been deployed so that Astana could assume its role as the country’s new showcase city, while promoting the country’s development and insertion into the global economy.
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