At the turn of the 20th century, photography was restricted to two groups: explorers, compiling their exotic archeological and ethnological findings; and pictorial photographers, long disparaged for their lack of disciplinary independence, but then finally acknowledged for their aesthetic singularity and whose work is now the basis for art photography. Work by amateurs was largely neglected, and would only later be discovered gathering dust in attics and appreciated for its documentary and historical qualities.
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